Permanent residence in the United States on a family basis
Having a next of kin who is a US citizen or permanent resident is most likely the simplest way to come to the US. In actuality, this category includes between 300,000 and 500,000 persons who come to the United States each year.
Not all familial relationships, however, are created equal. While some virtually always guarantee a Green Card, others have a limited quantity. The following are all of the family categories that are eligible for permanent residence in the United States.
Please keep in mind that if you fall into one of these categories, you will be unable to apply for permanent residence on your own. In any case, your US relative or Green Card holder must start the sponsorship process on your behalf.
Green Card Lottery and Permanent Residency
Every year, the US State Department holds a lottery to award 55,000 Green Cards. The Immigrant and Nationality Act of 1965 governs the effort, which aims to reduce prejudice in the admission of migrants.
Indeed, previous to the formation of the lottery, non-Northern European migrants were regularly discriminated against in the United States. Today, however, inhabitants of several countries, including Italy, can enter this lottery once a year for a chance to win a Green Card.
The goal of the lottery inspired the name of the visa awarded to the winner, Diversity Visa. However, there are prerequisites for participation and obtaining this visa.
- having finished at least secondary school (or have obtained an equivalent qualification). This criteria can be completed by working for two years in a position requiring at least two years of experience.
- be a citizen of a nation that allows participation If you do not fulfil this condition, you can still participate by claiming that you are from the nation of your spouse.
Every year, the US government prohibits people from certain nations from entering the lottery. In the previous five years, more than 50,000 people have moved to the United States from these states. As a result, the following nations did not participate in the most recent round of the Green Card Lottery, which concluded in October 2019 and is valid through 2021:
- South Korea
- El Salvador
- United Kingdom (except Northern Ireland)
- Dominican Republic
This article will be updated as soon as the countries excluded from the 2022 edition are announced. For the time being, it is known that the drawing for 2022, known as the DV2022 Lottery, will take place on March 1, 2021, and the winners will be announced on May 5, 2021.