These questions are intended to properly characterize you based on your potential danger to US security and public safety. These are the questions that will provide the Department of Homeland Security the information it needs to approve or refuse your ESTA.
They are shown as Yes/No boxes and are as follows:
1. Do you have a physical or mental disorder; or are you a drug abuser or addict; or do you currently have any of the following diseases (communicable diseases are specified pursuant to section 361(b) of the Public Health Service Act): Cholera, Diphtheria, Tuberculosis infectious, Plague, Smallpox, Yellow Fever, Viral Hemorrhagic Fevers, including Ebola, Lassa, Marburg, Crimean-Congo, Severe acute respiratory illnesses capable of transmission to other persons and likely to cause mortality?
There are two causes behind this question. The first and most apparent goal is to keep infectious diseases from spreading throughout the country.
Second, because to the potential load on the US health system, the US is likely to prohibit access to persons with mental health conditions or communicable infections.
It should be noted that while HIV was once deemed an infectious disease, it has since been declassified, and those living with HIV will not be barred from travelling. Furthermore, ordinary colds and seasonal flu are not considered serious acute respiratory disorders, thus you should say ‘no’ to this question even if you are unwell at the time of application.
2. Have you ever been arrested or convicted for a crime that resulted in serious damage to property, or serious harm to another person or government authority?
This question exists to keep persons out of the nation who are likely to commit a crime during their stay.
The question, however, allows considerable opportunity for interpretation due to the inclusion of the term “serious.” As a result, if you were convicted of a misdemeanor that did not cause substantial damage or harm, you might say “no” to this question.
However, ESTA authorities can review police records from European nations, and if they believe your offence is significant enough, and you lied in your application, you will be denied entrance and most likely rejected in the future.
3. Have you ever violated any law related to possessing, using, or distributing illegal drugs?
This and the next two questions exist for the same reasons as the previous ones, but they are more obvious.
4. Do you seek to engage in or have you ever engaged in terrorist activities, espionage, sabotage, or genocide?
5. Have you ever committed fraud or misrepresented yourself or others to obtain, or assist others to obtain, a visa or entry into the United States?
6. Are you currently seeking employment in the United States or were you previously employed in the United States without prior permission from the U.S. government?
Only visitors with the proper work visa may be authorized to work in the United States. As a result, anyone wishing to work temporarily during the 90-day term of the Visa Waiver Program, or anyone who has previously worked illegally in the country, will be disqualified.
7. Have you ever been denied a U.S. visa you applied for with your current or previous passport, or have you ever been refused admission to the United States or withdrawn your application for admission at a U.S. port of entry?
Please keep in mind that this question only applies to visas, not ESTA applications. Even if your prior ESTA application was denied, you should respond ‘no’ to this question if you have not previously been denied a visa, refused entry, or withdrawn a visa application.
If you have withdrawn a visa application, you will most likely be deemed suspect because your withdrawal was most likely motivated by fear of being refused.
8. Have you ever stayed in the United States longer than the admission period granted to you by the U.S. government?
If you have ever missed a visa or ESTA deadline, you will almost certainly be denied admission based on an ESTA application and will need to apply for a visa instead.
However, there is no certainty that your visa application will be approved, as overstaying is a serious offence in the United States.
9. Have you travelled to, or been present in Iraq, Syria, Iran, Sudan, Libya, Somalia, North Korea or Yemen on or after March 1, 2011?
These nations are regarded a security concern to the United States, and as a result, anybody having ties to these countries will most likely be denied an ESTA.
In essence, these questions are rather stringent, and if you say YES to any of them, you will almost certainly be denied entry into the United States.
If you do not honestly answer any of the questions, you will most likely be denied future applications.
This is a relatively new addition to the ESTA Questionnaire, and it’s an intriguing one.
It was really fairly contentious because of the possible privacy implications it created.
The question includes a drop-down list from which you may choose which alternatives apply to you. ASKfm, Facebook, Flickr, GitHub, Google+, Instagram, JustPaste.it, LinkedIn, Tumblr, Twitter, Vine, VKontakte (VK), YouTube, and ‘Other’ are among them.
You are then prompted to provide your username for each of your profiles.
The major purpose for this query is to detect extra-territorial terrorism, as social media has been utilized in the past to coordinate terrorist actions. If your social media platforms show any links to or sympathies for terrorist organizations, you may be refused admission into the United States.
However, the fact that this question is optional, as well as the extra time it would take each user to answer if they have several accounts, makes you wonder how many people would bother, and therefore how effective this method is.